Balancing the Musculo-Skeletal System
The ADAPT training system is a human performance development program. ADAPT training is formed around the principles of how your body adapts to specific physical stimulus to produce the desired results. This philosophy uses individualized assessment and personalized programs to identify and correct muscular dysfunction. The goal is to restore, develop, and maintain a balanced muscular and skeletal system.
The ADAPT training model is based on the principle that the human body has a specific design and blueprint. There are four major reference points to the blueprint. We identify them as the structural joints (shoulders, hips, knees, and ankles). These joints are designed to maintain a specific relationship with each other to evenly distribute the impact of the weight of the body and maintain the ideal alignment. The structural joints are designed to be able to work independently and unconsciously throughout their entire range of motion. The durability and performance of your entire body is dependent on maintaining the function of your structural joints.
Muscles Responsible for Joint Function
The joining of two or more bones makes up a joint. Bones are inanimate objects that are under the control of the muscles that are attached to them. The position and movement of the structural joints are dependent on properly functioning muscles. There is an ideal pattern established to fire the muscles in a proper sequence to allow these joints to remain in equal relationship to each other. This should be an unconscious neuromuscular response. When the body is functioning in an anatomically correct position, it is designed to handle an amazing amount of stress and pounding without injury. It is when the joints are not held in the proper position or angle due to improper muscle function that the body becomes inefficient and susceptible to injury.
The Foundation of the Body and the Casting Effect
The hips are the foundation of the four structural joints. Whether it is the joints stacking above the hips or the joints loading underneath them, the inability of the hip to function properly can directly affect the functional joint angle of all other major joints in the body. When the hips are able to move through their full range of motion, the body has the ability to function in a strong anatomically neutral position. Due to today's average lifestyle, our bodies are not taken through the positions needed to reinforce proper movement. Since we spend the majority of the day in a sitting position, the hips slowly lose degrees of functional range of motion. This is called the casting effect. If you place a cast on a functioning joint and do not allow movement over a course of time the muscles will atrophy and lose the ability to function, in turn rendering the joint attached to them immobile. Muscles require movement to retain function. The key is to find the minimum movement required to maintain function. How many times during the course of the day would you have to remove the cast to ensure muscular function?
There is not enough demand and movement during the course of a standard day to counter the effects of a predominant sitting position. With the inability of the hips to return to a neutral position when standing or flexing, all the other joints are forced to function in a compensated position. This condition leads to premature wear and tear on tendons, ligaments, muscles, and bones. Even in athletic training and conditioning, the trend is to be in the sitting position or to find a way to reduce the impact, which will only reinforce a weak position of the body. This principle of critical movement applies to all joints of the body but, has the most detrimental impact when the hips are involved.
ADAPT's five level training model is designed to reintroduce the necessary critical movements to the body ensuring a functional position. Each level represents a specific physical requirement with corresponding exercises and techniques that are appropriate for the client's physical limitations. There are physical tests at the end of each level to determine the client's functional ability to advance to the next level of training.
Each level is broken up into three phases of training to safely and effectively introduce the ideal demand. These phases are described as the CTC or Cassidy Training Curve. This curve helps chart the physical progression through each training level. The first phase (activation) is designed to awaken the proper muscular response in the body, and counteract potential compensative muscular usage. The second phase (integration) introduces coordinated movement throughout the body, utilizing components of strength and endurance. The third phase (performance) establishes the dynamic demand needed to reinforce proper function of the body. The third phase is constructed around the specific performance goals of the level in which they are training. When the human body is performing within its functional design, the physical potential of the individual can be fully utilized.